Pakistan Forest Institute
Peshawar, Pakistan

Pakistan Journal of Forestry Database

PJF VOL 1 - Issue 2 - Year 1951; PP 104 - 104 Search
Title Flood Control and Training of Rivers
Author(s) Mian Allah Bakhsh, P. Ft. S.
Designation Chief Conservator of Forests, Punjab
A study of the physical features of N. West Indo-Pakistan shows that the Punjab plains are situated immediately below the high hills which slope rapidly towards the plains. The intensity of floods and damage is greater near the junctions of the sloping ground and the flatter plains because large quantities of water are pouring into the plains and the flatter plains are not able to drain it fast enough. A study of Ravi slopes below Narowal shows that it slopes at the rate of 1to½ feet per mile. This slope is not sufficient for rapid drainage of larger masses of water which begin to accumulate below Narowal and in consequence floods spread far and wide. This actually happened during 1950 when the Chenab and the Ravi breached in many places and large masses of water moving through Bari and Rechna Doabs did considerable damage. This is what has been happening in the plains for thousands of years and that is how the alluvial soils of the plains were formed. It can easily be seen going towards Karachi that the rivers have been constantly changing their course. We must control them in flatter country by training the rivers, consolidating their banks by afforestation, straightening of bends as It was done in 1948-49 near Shahdara when the Jahangir’s tomb was threatened by Ravi river. Cost will not be high as compared to loss.