Forestry Research Division (DFRD)
The Forestry Research Division was established in 1969. It deals with problem oriented research in major disciplines (branches) of forestry namely, Silviculure, Forest Genetics, Forest Mensuration, Range Management, Watershed Management, Wildlife Management and Farm Forestry Research.
The research officers of the division also deliver lectures to the forestry students in the field of their specialization. They also hold seminars and short courses for field foresters and nominees of other interested agencies. The division is headed by a Director. His main job is planning, management and supervision of research programmes of all the branches of the Division.
Forest Products Research Division (DFPRD)
The history of Forest Products Research in Pakistan dates back to 1947 when the Government of Pakistan started education in forestry at the Pakistan Forest Institute at Faisalabad. Forest Utilization Branch was established in it at the same time. It was the first research branch of the Institute, which consisted of a Forest Utilization Officer and two junior officers at that time. In 1969, this branch was upgraded to a division level to be headed by a Director, with the provision of facilities for education and research in physico-mechanical and anatomical properties of wood, wood seasoning, wood preservation and composite wood products. In 1980, facilities for education and research in pulp and paper and forest engineering were added and a field station was established at Shinkiari, Mansehra, through a development project assisted by the German government. Presently, the Division consists of a Director and has a number of branches dealing with research and education in different disciplines of wood and wood products and forest engineering. The main functions of the Division are given below:
To plan, organize and supervise research and training in Forest Products and Forest Engineering.
To provide technical advisory services to the provincial/regional forest departments, Government departments and wood industries and farmers on all matters relating to wood harvesting, marketing and utilization.
Main Branches of (FPRD)
Research Division (DBSRD)
The Biological Sciences Research Division was created in 1969 and consists of research branches of Forest Botany, Forest Chemistry,
Medicinal Plant and Forest Pathology. The research and training activities of this Division are ancillary to those of forestry research, education and to the practice of forestry. The division is headed by a Director, responsible for planning, management and supervision of research programmes of the branches in the Division.
Sericulture Research Division (DSRD)
Sericulture has been practiced as a cottage industry in Pakistan since its inception in 1947. Punjab was the first province to start sericulture immediately after partition followed by Azad Kashmir in 1951; NWFP in 1952; Baluchistan in 1959 and Sindh in 1976. However the industry could not progressed well due to lack of training and research facilities in the country. The silkworm rearers used old traditional and crude methods for cocoon production, mostly in Punjab around the irrigated plantations, by obtaining leaves from the local full height mulberry trees grown for timber production.
Establishment of research and training unit was imperative to create research and training facilities for the development of Sericulture. Hence a sericulture unit was established at PFI, Peshawar in 1984 under a development project funded by FAO/UNDP with the objectives to conduct research studies in sericulture and moriculture and train people at various professional levels to promote sericulture industry in the country. Korean and Chinese experts provided technical know-how in silkworm rearing and silk seed technology.
Forest Education Division (DFED)
Forest Education Division was started in the Pakistan Forest Institute in November 1947 to complete the training of students of Pakistan who had to leave the Forest Research Institute Dehra Dun, India at the time of partition. The training facilities originally consisted of a branch which was subsequently upgraded to a Division in 1969. It started training personnel of two service cadres in the provincial/regional forest departments, namely, Assistant Conservator of Forests (ACFs) and Range Forest Officers (RFOs) at professional and sub-professional levels through two separate courses leading to the award of Diploma in Forestry also called Associate of Pakistan Forest College (APFC) and Certificate in Forestry respectively. Minimum requirements for admission to Diploma course was a B.Sc. degree and for Certificate in Forestry course an F.Sc certificate. Each course was of two years duration. The Diploma and the Certificate were awarded by the Institute.
However, in order to cope with the increased responsibilities of the forest departments and other forestry related agencies the curricula were expanded and upgraded from Diploma in Forestry and Certificate in Forestry to B.Sc. Hons. in Forestry degree and Diploma in Forestry for ACFs and RFOs respectively at the time of affiliation of the Institute with the University of Peshawar in 1958. This arrangement continued for many years. Later, it was realized that the forestry graduates of the Institute could not compete with graduates from other professional institutions with the same number of years of studies in getting equitable salaries and grades in government departments. They were also facing difficulties in getting admission in Ph.D courses in foreign universities due to lack of indepth study and thesis experience. Therefore, the curricula were again revised and expanded in 1972 and 1974 for upgradation of B.Sc. Hons in forestry degree to M.Sc. Forestry degree and a Diploma in Forestry to B.Sc. Forestry degree. Specialization was also introduced at M.Sc. Forestry degree level in the subjects of Forest Products and Engineering, Watershed Management and Farm and Energy in 1981, 1985 and 1987 respectively.
In addition to classroom lecture in more than 30 different subject of Forestry, Forest Products and allied discipline, the students are imparted practical knowledge by study tours to all types of forests in all provinces of Pakistan. Every M.Sc. student has to write a Forestry Management Plan on the basis of field data collected by him on different management aspects of the forests. They have also to write thesis on various topics of Forestry, Forest Products and Allied Discipline as part of their degree programme.
The Forest Education Division consists of a Director, four Assistant Professors of Forestry and three Lecturers in Forestry. They look after curricular and extra-curricular activities of the students in addition to teaching their own subjects of specialization. The Institute has trained 541 (including 58 foreigners) in M.Sc. Forestry and 881 (including 24 foreigners) in B.Sc. Forestry courses far. All professional and technical manpower presently working in provisional/regional forest departments and government agencies in Pakistan has been trained by the Institute.