It was established in 1969. However, some work of tree improvement was earlier carried out by the Silviculture Branch. It consists of one Forest Geneticist, one Assistant Forest Geneticist, one Assistant Silviculturist, one Technical Assistant and four Field Assistants/Foresters. It is responsible for research in the following areas:
Different studies on genetic variation of Pinus roxburghii, Dalbergia sissoo, Acacia nilotica, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, seed stands have been established to produce quality seed for afforestation programmes.
Seed is regularly collected from superior trees and stands in large quantities and supplied to forest officers, farmers, etc. every year.