The Watershed Management research was started in the Pakistan Forest Institute with the creation of a branch in 1966. The facility was strengthened during the period from 1982 to 1991 through a development project and assistance of FAO/UNDP. It is responsible for conducting applied research in soil and water conservation, water harvesting and slope stabilization. It consists of one Watershed Management Specialist, two Assistant Silviculturist, one Research Officer and four Field Assistants. It also imparts training in Watershed Management, Soil Conservation to B.Sc. and M.Sc. Forestry students.
Studies have been conducted in the past on soil and water conservation, water harvesting and critical slope stabilization. Six watershed research stations have been established in different ecological zones of the country for conducting long-term watershed management research because sufficient time is needed for obtaining useful results. Most of the studies in this discipline have been started few years back. Therefore, only results are available. A brief account of significant achievement in research is given below: